People stand in front of a maternity unit during the national celebrations of The World Contraception Day on 26/09/2023. According to data from Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS), Kenya has made significant progress in promoting access to family planning and increasing the contraceptive prevalence rate from 53% in 2014 to 57% in 2022, with unmet need for family planning reducing slightly from 18% to 14% while teenage pregnancy has fallen from 18% to 15%. Photo Credit: SOPA Images via Getty Images

Society The World21. November 2023

Global Inequality Is Not Trending

Over the years, the world has unequivocally become more equal with positive long-term trends regarding a large variety of critical metrics such as average income, rates of educational attainment, and internet access, especially in less developed countries.

Respected scholars, academic institutions, and international organizations have proven that long-term improvements in living standards and well-being have occurred through progress over the last two centuries.

The Human Progress Index (HPI) measures well-being. It considers different aspects of human development on an easily understood scale from 0 to 1, where higher values reflect greater well-being than lower values. To calculate such an index, the United Nations Human Development Index is taken into account, which is based on three components (life expectancy, schooling, and income) and indicators such as political freedom, adequate nutrition, infant mortality, environmental quality, and internet access are added. Through this measure, the HPI has shown improvements in global well-being in the past three decades, highlighting the significant development in overall equality since 1990.

Cato Institute

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